The Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax (Heterohyrax brucei) is approximately 20" (50cm) in length, standing 10" (25cm) at the shoulder and weighs 8lbs (3.5kg).
A stoutly built animal, it has no tail and short legs. The colour is mostly light brown, with a white eye-patch. Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax living at higher altitudes have longer hair, for warmth. A gland in the centre of the back is surrounded by long, erect hair, usually off-white, to yellow.
They are diurnal (active during daylight) and live in small colonies of between 4 - 8 individuals, although if the habitat is favourable, can be found in much larger numbers. Colonies have a strict pecking order, with a dominant male and female.
Rock Hyrax live up to their name and are found in mountainous areas or hilly outcrops, often sunbathing in the early morning. They rarely move more than a few hundred yards from their home shelter.
Predated by Eagles, Leopards and even Humans, their population is able to sustain themselves, unless disease strikes.
Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax eat leaves, both trees and bushes. If food is short, they will also eat the bark of bushes.
Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax have a litter of between 1 - 3, after a gestation period of 230 days. They are well developed at birth, weighing up to 300 grams and can live for up to 10 years.
Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax are often found with the Rock Hyrax (Procavia capensis), who feed from plants, especially leaves, buds and flowers, so do not compete for food. Generally, the Rock Hyrax is darker coloured, with black hairs surrounding the gland on the back. Rock Hyrax have a thicker set head.
Keywords:animal, hyrax, kenya, wildlife, yellow-spotted rock hyrax