The Common Warthog (Phacochoerus africanus
) has a typical pig-like appearance, with grey, sparsely haired skin that takes on the colour of the local mud, which it loves to bathe in. Males have 2 pairs of prominent wart-like structures on their face, while females have only 1 pair. Their canine teeth develop into long curved tusks with age. Their tails are always held erect when running.
Warthog are found on open grassland and woodland, eating mainly grass, on bended knees. Occasionally, they will eat fallen fruit. They will also dig for roots and corms. Eating mostly during the day, they spend their nights in burrows which were taken over from Aardvark or Porcupine.
After a gestation period of 170 days, litters of 2 - 4 are born, but this has been known to be as many as 8. The piglets weigh between 1 - 1.8 lbs (480 - 850gm) and remain in the burrow for the first 2 weeks. They live for about 10 years in the wild (17 years in captivity).
Warthogs are common all over Kenya, especially in the National Parks. Their main predator are Lions
, who look on them as a hamburger-sized snack. Lion will often rest outside Warthog burrows, waiting in ambush.