Rothschild Giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi)
aka Baringo Giraffe or Ugandan Giraffe

Appearance
The Rothschild Giraffe is one of three species of Giraffe in Kenya, the other two being Reticulated and Masai. The main difference between the sub-species are the pattern of dots; Rothschild Giraffe are identified by its orange-brown spots, similar to the Reticulated, but less well defined and separated by more cream-coloured channels. Unlike the Reticulated, the lower half of their legs are cream-coloured.
Unlike the other two Kenyan sub-species, Reticulated Giraffe, if one looks closely, have five 'horns' (ossicones). Two prominent ones on top of their heads, similar to the other sub-species, with an additional 'hump' on its forehead. The remaining two can be seen behind each ear.
Each Rothschild Giraffe has a different pattern layout and as they grow older, their coats and in particular their faces, darken with age.
Rothschild Giraffe are one of the tallest of all Giraffes and males grow up to 20' (6 metres) tall - females 16' (4.9 metres).
See more general information regarding Giraffes.

Resident
Rothschild Giraffe are found in the Kenya's Lake Nakuru National Park, in the ajoining Soysambu Conservancy and at the Giraffe Centre in Nairobi. In 2011, 8 were relocated to Baringo, travelling across the lake to the Ruko Conservancy by the Giraffe Conservation Foundation. Only approximately 250 remain in the wild, outside Uganda.

Longevity
A single calf (rarely, twins) is born after a gestation period of 450 days. It weighs an average of 100kg and can be 6' (2 metres) tall. It is able to walk and suckle within an hour and run within a day. Rothschild Giraffe live for up to 28 years.

Predators
The only time an adult Rothschild Giraffe is liable to be predated is when it is drinking and therefore has its forelegs bent. Mostly Lion are the predators. Lion will also take young Rothschild Giraffe, although adults will protect the young with lashing hooves.
Rothschild Giraffe are critically endangered and protected by many Rangers in Nakuru NP. A breeding program is in place at the Giraffe Centre in Nairobi, to return more to the wild. Therefore, currently, man is not a predator, as he is for the other Kenyan sub-species.

Behaviour
Rothschild Giraffe are normally seen in Nakuru National Park at the northern half, travelling all the time, in herds of 4 - 30. However, herds are not stable and individuals drift between herds. Adult bulls are often solitary. Females and their calves are generally seen in separate herds from the herds of young bulls and only come together at mating time.
At the Giraffe Centre in Nairobi, one can feed the resident Rothschild Giraffe from a tall platform.
See more general information regarding Giraffes.

Diet
Rothschild Giraffes are herbivorous, preferring Acacia, although Commiphora, and Terminalia and many other leaves and fruits form their diet.
Generally browsers, they eat for up to 20 hours a day, sniffing out the foods they like with sensitive noses and consuming up to 75lbs (34kg) a day. However, when their 18" (46cm) long black tongues gather food, not only leaves are harvested, but branches, bark and insects.
Rothschild Giraffe are ruminants, having four stomachs. When not actively feeding, cud is brought back to their mouths and they re-chew the hard lumps.
Most of the Rothschild Girrafe's intake of moisture comes from its food and it can survive for weeks without drinking. In the dry season, when the leaves have less moisture, they must drink more regularly, bending their forelegs to get down to water.

Other Rothschild Giraffe Facts
Rothschild Giraffe were named after the 2nd Baron Rothschild, Walter Rothschild (1868 - 1937), a banker, politician and zoologist. He gained notoriety for harnessing Plains Zebra to a carriage and riding them to Buckingham Palace. In his day, he held the largest natural history collection in the world.
The alternative name for Rothschild Giraffe, Baringo Giraffe, are named after the Kenya area of Baringo.

Photographs
Images taken in Kenya's Nakuru National Park.

Categories & Keywords
Category:Animals
Subcategory:Wildlife
Subcategory Detail:
Keywords:baringo giraffe, giraffe, kenya, rothschild giraffe, ugandan giraffe, wildlife

Rothschild Giraffe ~ with Plains Zebra

A Rothschild (Baringo or Ugandan) Giraffe, in the company of Plains Zebra in Kenya's Lake Nakuru National Park.

Rothschild Giraffe ~ Contortionist

Rothschild Giraffe with neck bent in half, attending to a tick on its chest.

Rothschild Giraffe ~ Walking

A Rothschild Giraffe, walking in Kenya's Lake Nakuru National Park.