Appearance The Olive Thrush is a small, 8.5" (22cm) bird, olive-brown upperparts and pale grey-white underparts. The chin and throat have darkly streaked spots, the breast is grey-brown and the flanks and belly are red-orange. The large eyes are brown with an orange orbital ring. The bill, legs and feet are dull orange. These birds are similar to the African Thrush, but are darker in colour and have the bright orange orbital ring.
Habits Olive Thrushes are confiding birds, often seen in gardens and nesting near human habitation. They are usually seen alone and are very territorial birds. The female builds a cup-shaped nest of dry twigs, grasses, leaves and thin roots in the fork of a branch. Two eggs are laid and incubated by the female for approximately two weeks. Both parents feed the chicks. After a further two weeks, the chicks fledge. Olive Thrushes agressively protect their eggs and chicks from birds of prey, crouching over them and facing the predator with an open bill.
Diet Olive Thrushes eat both fruit and insects, sometimes taking worms, spiders and snails, scratching about in leaves to find their prey.
Resident Olive Thrushes are seen in the western half of Kenya, below Turkana, but not around the Victoria basin. Commonly seen around forest edges, also parks and wooded gardens from 1,500 - 3,400 metres.
Extra Olive Thrush Facts Olive Thrushes are often the birds to give song first in the morning and last at night; a rising and falling "weeu~weeu~weee~eee".
Photographs Photographed in Kenya's Karen area of Nairobi.