Appearance There are 19 species of Eagle found in Kenya. They share their family name (Accipitridae) with Buzzards, Goshawks, Hawks, Harriers, Kites, Sparrowhawks, Vultures, the Bateleur, Lammergeier and Shikra. Eagles vary in size from the Banded Snake Eagle 22" (56cm) to the mighty Verreaux's (Black) Eagle at 38" (97cm). They are generally strong fliers, with broad, rounded wings. Short, but strong legs, with stout toes. A predator's raptorial bill, powerful and hooked. Females are larger than males and often differ in plumage.
Habits Eagles, like the rest of this family, are birds of prey and are generally diurnal (active during the day). The large Aquila Eagles are dark-coloured and generally uniform in colour. Medium-sized Snake Eagles have large heads with yellow eyes, over thick necks covered with long feathers. Others are defined in the galleries here, but have a variety of plumages.
Diet Fish Eagles eat fish, Snake Eagles eat snakes and the balance eat a variety of mammals and birds.
Resident Eagles are seen all over Kenya, wherever there is a food source. Some, like the Tawny Eagle, are widespread. Others are found in 'pockets' of the country.
Extra Eagle Facts Eagles have evolved their physical structure to match their various feeding methods. Some swoop down, using long claws and powerful wings to pick prey up and carry it off, while others fight with prey on the ground.
Photographs Photographed at Kenya's Masai Mara, Lake Baringo, Meru NP, and Olare Orok Conservancy.